A Cognitive Semantics Approach to Darwin’s Theory of Evolution

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Beyond Language, Volume 4

Author: Anna Drogosz

From Prof. Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk:
“A solid study of the metaphoricity system in Darwin’s work.”

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Description

DARWIN’S THEORY OF EVOLUTION ranks among the most influential of modern scientific theories. Applying the methodology of COGNITIVE SEMANTICS , this study investigates how metaphors based on domains of JOURNEY, STRUGGLE, TREE and HUMAN AGENCY serve to conceptualize key concepts of Darwin’s theory — such as evolutionary change, natural selection, and relationships among organisms.

At the outset the author identifies original metaphors in The Origin of Species, to turn to their realizations in modern discourse on evolution in later chapters.
Thus, the study uncovers how metaphors contribute to structuring the theory by expressing it in a coherent and attractive way, and how they provide mental
tools for reasoning.

As the first comprehensive study of conceptual metaphors that underlie Darwin’s theory and affect the way we talk and think about evolution, it may be of
interest not only to linguists and evolutionary biologists but also to anyone interested in the interconnection between thought and language.

Additional information

Author
Published in 2019
Series
Volume 4
Editor Aleksandra R. Knapik, Piotr P. Chruszczewski
Edition 1st
ISBN 978-1-68346-156-2
# of pages 293
Binding perfect bound
Dimensions 148 x 210 mm
Weight 1 kg

Table of Contents

ChapterPage
List of Figuresix
List of Tablesx
Acknowledgmentsxi
Introductionxii
1. Theoretical Background: Cognitive Semantics
1.0. Introduction1
1.1. The Conceptual Metaphor Theory1
1.2. Blending Theory23
1.3. Force dynamics28
1.4. Concluding remarks and an outline for the analysis29
2. Metaphors in Science and Biology
2.0. Introduction31
2.1. Metaphor and philosophy of science 31
2.2. Models and metaphors34
2.3. Functions of metaphors in science37
2.4. Consequences of metaphor in science40
2.5. The literal–nonliteral distinction42
2.6. The advantages of the CMT perspective on metaphor in science44
2.7. Metaphor in biology46
2.8. Metaphors in Darwin’s theory of evolution55
2.9. Concluding remarks65
3. The Conceptualization of Evolutionary Change
3.0. Introduction67
3.1. Charles Darwin and his theory of evolution68
3.2. Evolutionary change is a JOURNEY70
3.3. Genetic relationships among organisms and the Tree of Life96
3.4. Conceptualization of change: consequences for Darwin’s theory118
3.5. Concluding remarks123
4. Antagonistic Construals in the Theory of Evolution
4.0. Introduction125
4.1. The metaphor RELATIONSHIPS IN NATURE ARE A STRUGGLE 125
4.2. A blending analysis of “struggle for life”132
4.3. Force-dynamic patterns in Darwin’s theory140
4.4. The STRUGGLE metaphor in Darwin’s theory: functions and consequences144
4.5. Concluding remarks148
5. The Agent of Evolution: The Personification of Natural Selection
5.0. Introduction149
5.1. The analogy between artificial and natural selection150
5.2. Personification of natural selection and its reception158
5.3. Sources of personification of natural selection in The Origin163
5.4. Natural selection and force-dynamic patterns181
5.5. Personification of natural selection: functions and consequences182
5.6. Concluding remarks183
6. Metaphors Evolutionists Research by
6.0. Introduction187
6.1. Darwin’s metaphors in contemporary texts on evolution 188
6.2. Ostentatious marking of metaphors201
6.3. Graphic realizations of metaphors of evolution204
6.4. Metaphors of evolution: Consequences for reasoning206
6.5. Concluding remarks221
7. Personification
7.0. Introduction222
7.1. Definitions of personification222
7.2. Cognitive fluidity226
7.3. Personification and behavioral domains229
7.4. Personification and agentification in reasoning242
7.5. Concluding remarks246
8. Observations and Conclusions247
References256
Index271
Name Index277

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